Menopause and Post-menopause 

Menopause Facts

 

Menopause occurs when a woman has not had a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months.  Menopause typically occurs between 45 - 55 years of age.  It is a natural ageing process, but it can also occur due to premature ovarian failure or surgical removal of the ovaries.

 

Ovaries produce hormones, oestrogen and progesterone, which control a woman’s periods and other biological processes.  As a woman approaches menopause, her ovaries gradually stop making these hormones.  This results in irregular periods with many women experiencing light, skipped, or late periods for several months to years before their periods stop completely.

 

Menopausal symptoms can be present for several months - years before a woman has her last period, and they can continue on for several years after.  Perimenopause includes the time before menopause when hormonal changes, irregular periods, and symptoms begin.

 

 

 

Common Menopause Symptoms

 

  • ·         Hot flushes
  • ·         Night sweats
  • ·         Insomnia / difficulty sleeping
  • ·         Mood changes / irritability
  • ·         Anxiety
  • ·         Depression
  • ·         Thinning hair
  • ·         Dry skin
  • ·         Loss of libido
  • ·         Vaginal dryness
  • ·         Vaginal bleeding
  • ·         Weight gain
  • ·         Joint aches / pain / stiffness
  • ·         Loss of breast fullness

 

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please ask your GP about suitable management options.

 

 

Health Impacts of Menopause

 

The post-menopausal drop in oestrogen is associated with increased abdominal fat deposition, which in turn increases risk of cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes. 

 

In the long term, the oestrogen deficiency also increases loss of bone mineral density and risk of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women.

 

… BUT …

 

A healthy lifestyle can help to reduce these post-menopausal health risks and also relieve some menopause symptoms.

 

 

 

How to Stay Healthy After Menopause

 

  • (1)   Eat a balanced daily diet
  •  
  • The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) recommends that the daily diet of post-menopausal women includes appropriate portions of the five food groups (see graph below), 1200 - 1500 mg of calcium, and 400 International Units (IU) of vitamin D.

                    

  • (2)   Exercise

 

  • For women aged 18-64 years, the NHMRC recommends 2.5 - 5 hours of moderate intensity exercise each week.
  • For women aged ³ 65 years, the NHMRC recommends 30 minutes of physical activity per day.
  • A weekly fitness plan involving aerobic exercise (e.g. walking, running), flexibility training, and weight bearing will help post-menopausal women to maintain bone mineral density.

  • (3)  Get regular breast checks, mammograms, and pap smears

                 

  • (4)  Stop smoking
  •  
  • (5)  Limit alcohol consumption to 2 standard drinks per day

 

  • (6)  If you have any concerns or menopause symptoms, please talk to your GP

 

Clinic Info

91 Coulson St,

Blackbutt QLD 4306

 

Tel: 4163 0023

(All Hours)

Fax: 4163 0024

 

Email: tmc.2006

@bigpond.com 

 

Clinic Hours:

 

Mon - Fri: 8:00am-5:00pm 

Sat by appointment 

Sun closed

  

 

Contact us

Address: 91 Coulson Street, Blackbutt, QLD, 4306

Phone: 4163 0023

Email: tmc.2006@bigpond.com

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